2 millions de freelances au Royaume-Uni – les femmes hautement qualifiées donnent le ton
Au cours de ces dix dernières années au Royaume-Uni, la forte croissance du nombre de freelances hautement qualifiés a eu un effet direct sur le nombre de petits indépendants. Et c’est surtout l’augmentation du nombre de femmes freelances qui interpelle. L’impact des entrepreneurs solos, ou ‘solopreneurs’, sur l’économie est bien réel : en 2018, ce groupe a apporté 275 milliards de livres sterling à l’économie britannique. Les chiffres de 2018 montrent toutefois un ralentissement de la croissance, avec pour ce groupe à peine 1% par rapport à 2017.
Toutes ces données émanent du vaste rapport ‘Self-Employment in the Modern Economy, exploring the rise of the self-employment in the last decade’, publié par l’IPSE début mai 2019.
Vous pouvez télécharger le rapport de l’IPSE et de la Kingstone University sur le monde des freelances au Royaume-Uni.
Self-employment, a growing sector of modern work
Solo self-employment in the UK is continuing to rise as more and more people are motivated by the freedom, flexibility and autonomy this way of work provides1. The solo self-employment sector has seen huge growth over the last 10 years with a 35 per cent increase, driven largely by highly skilled freelancers. Despite these large increases over the last decade, growth has slowed down in the last year with an increase of one per cent between 2017 and 2018.
Currently 2 million freelancers in the UK – 6% of the workforce
2018 review: number of highly skilled freelancers rose by 47 per cent between 2008 and 2018 • Driven by 63 per cent rise in highly skilled female freelancers in this period • Both drove 35 per cent increase in UK’s total solo self-employed • The solo self-employed sector contributed £275bn to the economy in 2018.
The freelance workforce in the UK is made up of solo self-employed people working in the top three highest skilled occupational categories (SOC1 to SOC3). These include managers and directors, professionals and associate/technical professionals.
There are currently over two million freelancers in the UK, 1.81 million of whom say freelancing is their main job. A further 222,000 say they do freelance work as part of a second job. Overall, freelancers account for 46 per cent of the 4.4 million-strong solo self-employed population and represent six per cent of the entire UK workforce. In the last 10 years, the freelance sector has seen a 47 per cent increase, while in the last year it grew by a further one per cent.
The top 5 occupations accounts for almost 50% of all freelancers. The top five occupations are artistic, literary and media occupations (16%), managers and proprietors in other services (10%), functional managers and directors (7%), teaching and educational professionals (7%) and information technology and telecommunication professionals (6%). This is a similar pattern to previous years with 45 per cent of all freelancers working in these professions.
The contribution of freelancers to the UK economy in 2018 could be as high as between £140 and 145bn.
Political action required
The UK Government is recognising the contribution of the self-employment sector and has placed a strong emphasis on self-employment in its ‘Good Work Plan’ in response to the Taylor review, which sets out a package of workplace reforms over the next 20 years to meet the changing world of employment. These include legislation around sick pay and maternity and paternity leave as well as tackling non-payment. Self-employment continues to be at the centre of political debates, and it is therefore of crucial importance that we fully understand this growing sector of modern work.
About the report
This is the tenth year of IPSE’s reports with Kingston University examining the freelance sector. The reports draw on data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Labour Force Survey (LFS). This tenth anniversary report has a broader scope and looks at the entire solo self-employed sector, comparing it to trends in the rapidly growing freelance sector. It also takes a longer view, analysing the key changes and trends over the last decade.
IPSE is the largest association of independent professionals in the EU, representing over 74,000 freelancers, contractors and consultants from every sector of the UK economy. It’s a not-for-profit organisation owned and run by its members. We aim to be the principle and definitive source of knowledge about freelancing and self-employment in the UK. We work with leading academic institutions and research agencies to provide empirical evidence about evolving market trends. This research supports our work with government and industry and delivers key market intelligence to help our members with business planning.